Dr. Sandra Steingraber Talks About Drilling & Fracking
Dr. Theo Colborn Talks About Drilling & Fracking
Poisoning Our Food
Cancer Rates & Drilling
Health Impacts from Drilling & Fracking
EPA Study on Fracking Tainted

Dr. Sandra Steingraber Talks About Drilling & Fracking

Dr. Sandra Steingraber is internationally recognized as an authority on the environmental links to cancer and human health. Steingraber was formerly on faculty at Cornell University and is currently Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the Division of Interdisciplinary and International Studies at Ithaca College, located in Ithaca, New York. Steingraber has held visiting fellowships at the University of Illinois, Radcliffe/Harvard, and Northeastern University, and served on President Clinton’s National Action Plan on Breast Cancer.
“I’ve heard a hazardous materials specialist describe to a crowd of people living in fracked communities how many parts per million of benzene will raise risks for leukemia and sperm abnormalities linked to birth deformities. I’ve heard a woman who lives by a fracking operation in Pennsylvania—whose pond bubbles with methane and whose kids have nosebleeds at night—ask how she could keep her children safe. She was asking me. And I had no answer.”
Click to see the Senate Standing Committee on Energy Conservation Public Hearing to examine waste water produced by hydraulic fracturing, sponsored by New York State Senators Mark Grisanti and Patrick Gallivan. January 12, 2011, Canandaigua, NY.

Prize to Fuel Anti-fracking Fight
Biologist giving most of $100G environmental award to opponents
By Brian Nearing
March 27, 2012

Sandra Steingraber, winner of a Heinz Foundation award, decided to use her $100,000 national environmental prize to help a newly formed coalition of six environmental and political groups that are working to keep hydrofracking from being allowed in the state.
“This is a very generous donation that is still a drop in the bucket compared to what the drillers have spent and will continue to spend,” said Cantor. “But we have something that money cannot buy — the passion of a lot of people from across the state.” Read more…

Sandra Steingraber on Fracking and Cancer

Among many of her accomplishments, Sandra Steingraber is also an ecologist, author and cancer survivor. Yet, Steingraber sees her most important role as a parent whose responsibility it is to keep her children safe from harm. Full article…

December 12, 2011: Dr. Steingraber’s letter to Governor Cuomo of New York
“As New York State considers whether to maintain or lift its current moratorium on hydraulic fracturing, we bring to your attention the myriad ways in which the introduction of this industrial practice in New York State will raise our cancer risk even further and add more data points to the New York State Cancer Registry. As such, we echo the call of the more than 250 physicians and medical professionals who, in their letter to you of October 7, 2011, requested that the state fully assess the human health impacts of hydraulic fracturing in advance of issuing permits and as part of the decision-making process.”
Full text of letter…

The Whole Fracking Enchilada
Violating the bedrock, the atmosphere, and everything in between
Published in the September/October 2010 issue of Orion magazine

I HAVE COME to believe that extracting natural gas from shale using the newish technique called hydrofracking is the environmental issue of our time. And I think you should, too. Full article…

Dr. Theo Colborn Talks About Drilling & Fracking

Dr. Colborn earned a PhD at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in Zoology (distributed minors in epidemiology, toxicology, and water chemistry); an MA in Science at Western State College of Colorado (fresh-water ecology); and a BS in Pharmacy from Rutgers University, College of Pharmacy. Colborn has served on numerous advisory panels, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, the Ecosystem Health Committee of the International Joint Commission of the United States and Canada, the Science Management Committee of the Toxic Substances Research Initiative of Canada, the U.S. EPA Endocrine Disruptor Screening and Testing Advisory Committee, and the EPA Endocrine Disruption Methods and Validation Subcommittee. She has published and lectured extensively on the consequences of prenatal exposure to synthetic chemicals by the developing embryo and fetus in wildlife, laboratory animals, and humans.

World-Renowned Scientist Dr. Theo Colborn on the Health Effects of Water Contamination from Fracking
The Environmental Protection Agency has begun a review of how the drilling process known as hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” can affect drinking water quality. We speak to Dr. Theo Colborn, the president of the Endocrine Disruption Exchange and one of the foremost experts on the health and environmental effects of the toxic chemicals used in fracking. Click to see video…

Dr. Theo Colborn Talks Fracking
This video depicts rural areas. However, the drilling and fracking process is the same as well as the contaminants now being released in our urban neighborhoods. To date, very little scientific data is available to inform residents, living only hundreds of feet from a drill pad and tank batteries, of the health problems our children will experience. The scientific community can only speculate what the short term and long term exposure to all the toxic chemicals and gases emitted from each well that is drilled, fracked and producing will have on all our lives.
Theo Colborn, Ph.D talks hydraulic fracturing. Clips were taken from her DVD, “What You Need To Know About Natural Gas Production.”

Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, Taylor & Francis
Volume 17, Issue 5, Sept 20, 2011
Theo Colborn, Carol Kwiatkowski, Kim Schultz & Mary Bachran

The technology to recover natural gas depends on undisclosed types and amounts of toxic chemicals. A list of 944 products containing 632 chemicals used during natural gas operations was compiled. Literature searches were conducted to determine potential health effects of the 353 chemicals identified by Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers. More than 75% of the chemicals could affect the skin, eyes, and other sensory organs, and the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Full ABSTRACT…

For more information on the Endocrine Disruption Exchange click here.

Poisoning Our Food

Trailer Talk’s Frack Talk: Why Food and Fuel Shouldn’t Mix — A Farmer Speaks Out On the Dangers of Fracking
Farmer Greg Swartz talks about trying to maintain an organic farm in the face of increasing gas drilling in rural Pennsylvania.
May 30, 2011

Farmer Greg Swartz, the former director of NOFA-NY, of Willow Wisp Organic Farm grows vegetables in Abrahamsville, PennGreg Swartz states emphatically that natural gas drilling and farming cannot co-exist, as they are antagonistic land uses. Swartz said, “There is a severe risk to the quality and quantity of water, there is a severe risk to the health and purity of the soil and there is also a risk to animal agriculture with the industrialization of the landscape.” Swartz also said, “It’s a weird thing to do, farming in the face of such a threat, because the way we farm is about the long-term not the short-term, investing in the soil, the ecosystem, and ensuring diversity. We’re growing and selling produce now, but much of what we do is the long-view and because of natural gas drilling that future is hazy.” Full article…

Prof: Fracking Fluid Harmful to Animal Health
March 14, 2012
By Bob Hackett

A new study by Prof. Robert Oswald, molecular medicine, and his wife Michelle Bamberger, a private practice veterinarian. Their paper, titled “Impacts of Gas Drilling on Human and Animal Health,” appeared in the January issue of New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy and is one of the first peer-reviewed papers to discuss fracking’s potential negative health effects on both humans and other animals.

New Solutions, A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy
Impacts of Gas Drilling on Human and Animal Health
Michelle Bamberger and Robert E. Oswald

Environmental concerns surrounding drilling for gas are intense due to expansion of shale gas drilling operations. Controversy surrounding the impact of drilling on air and water quality has pitted industry and leaseholders against individuals and groups concerned with environmental protection and public health. Because animals often are exposed continually to air, soil, and groundwater and have more frequent reproductive cycles, animals can be used as sentinels to monitor impacts to human health. Full ABSTRACT…

Fracking Threatens New York’s Organic Farming Scene
Concerns that environmental fallout from fracking could ruin the state of New York’s organic farming industry are growing.
In the United States, New York is the third largest producer of organic foods. However, the quality of the organic foods may be in jepordy if hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking” is allowed in the state. Farmers are concerned that with fracking on or near their farms, they may be in the position of losing their certified organic status. If fracking were to produce groundwater pollution within the state, the consequence may be that the organic farms would no longer be fit for certification. Full article…
AlterNet / By: Byard Duncan

Fracking With Food: How the Natural Gas Industry Poisons Cows and Crops
Natural gas drilling operations have mucked up food from Colorado to Pennsylvania. So why is no one paying attention?
July 30, 2010

“I’ve already heard from a couple of customers that they’re concerned about the location of a drill site near my farm – in terms of the quality and safety of my food,” said Greg Swartz, a farmer in Pennsylvania’s Upper Delaware River Valley. Swartz, who sells all his products locally, fears that leaked fracking fluid could seep into his soil, bioaccumulate in his plants and cost him his organic certification. “There very well may be a point where I am not comfortable selling vegetables from the farm anymore because I’m concerned about water and air contamination issues,” he said. Full article…


Cancer Rates & Drilling

Air Emissions Near Fracking Sites May Pose Health Risk, Study Shows; Sites Contain Hydrocarbons Including Benzene
Mar. 19, 2012

In a new study, researchers from the Colorado School of Public Health have shown that air pollution caused by hydraulic fracturing or fracking may contribute to acute and chronic health problems for those living near natural gas drilling sites. Full article…

New Study Fuels Hydraulic Fracking Debate
March 27, 2012

Living on Earth
New research on the air quality around natural gas wells provides additional evidence and controversy about the possible health effects from hydraulic fracturing or “fracking.” In Colorado, scientists found that fracking wells emit potentially toxic hydrocarbons into the air. Full article…

Cancer Rates Climb in Barnett Shale
October 22, 2011

A Channel 33 report by Dawn Tongish: Cancer rates in Barnett Shale climb, residents want answers why.
“My doctors believe I had my cancer for two years before I moved here [to Michigan],” Squibb said. “The first question they asked me was: ‘What have you been exposed to?’” Full article…

Health Impacts from Drilling & Fracking

Dahlgren J, H Takhar, P Anderson-Mahoney, J Kotlerman, J Tarr and R Warshaw. 2007. Cluster of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with an oil field waste site: A cross sectional study. Environmental Health. 6(1):8.
Synopsis by Dr. Michael Laiosa and Wendy Hessler

Several oil wells and a tank battery remained active until 2000, immediately adjacent to the residences. Photo from Dahlgren et al.
Scientists studying residents living in a 1970s era housing development built atop a retired oil field waste pit found an extraordinarily high incidence of lupus, an autoimmune disease. Researchers calculated that the rate was 30 to 99 times higher in people living in this six-block area of Hobbs, NM, than what would be expected in the general population. Full article…

Health Impacts on Drilling
The Potential Health Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing
Testimony before the New York State Assembly Standing Committees
on Environmental Conservation and Health
May 26, 2011
Sandra Steingraber, Ph.D.

Air pollution is an inevitable consequence of horizontal hydrofracturing. It is not the outcome of a catastrophic accident. It is not a hypothetical risk. Compromised air quality is a certainty. Because four to nine million gallons of fresh water are required to frack a single well and because wells must cover the landscape for Marcellus shale development to be profitable, fracking is a shock and awe operation. 77,000 wells are envisioned for upstate New York alone. Each well requires 1,000 truck trips. 77,000 times 1,000 equals a number with six zeroes after it. This represents a prodigious amount of diesel exhaust. And, of course, in addition to endless fleets of 18-wheelers, gas production requires generators, pumps, drill rigs, condensers and compressors, which also run on diesel. Complete testimony…


EPA Study on Fracking Tainted

EPA hydrofracking – Weston Wilson whisleblower

When an EPA study concluding that hydraulic fracturing “poses little or no threat” to drinking water supplies was published in 2004, several EPA scientists challenged the study’s methodology and questioned the impartiality of the expert panel that reviewed its findings. Full article…

The following is an exerpt from Weston Wilson’s letter communicating his concers about the 2004 EPA Study
October 8, 2004
Dear Senators Allard & Campbell & Representative DeGette,
Recent events at EPA have caused me and several of my peers at EPA great concern…In this report, EPA was to have studied the environmental effects that might result from the injection of toxic fluids used to hydraulically fracture coal beds to produce natural gas…While EPA’s report concludes this practice poses little or no threat to underground sources of drinking water…EPA’s conclusions are unsupportable. View entire letter…

In 2010…

EPA’s Study of Hydraulic Fracturing and Its Potential Impact on Drinking Water Resources

Why is EPA doing this study?
A: Natural gas plays a key role in our nation’s clean energy future and the process known as hydraulic fracturing is one way of accessing this vital resource. Serious concerns have been raised by citizens and their representatives about the potential impact of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water, human health and the environment. These concerns demand further study. In its FY2010 Appropriations Committee Conference Report, Congress directed EPA to study the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water, using the best available science, independent sources of information, and to conduct the study in consultation with others using a transparent, peer-reviewed process. EPA announced in March 2010 that it would conduct a research study to investigate the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on drinking water resources.

When will the study be completed?
A: A first report of results is expected by the end of 2012. However, certain portions of the work will be long-term projects that are not likely to be finished at that time. An additional report of study findings will be published in 2014 as the longer-term projects progress.

Will the study look at potential effects on resources other than drinking water (air, ecosystems, fish, occupational risks, etc.)?
A: No, the current study focuses on potential impacts to drinking water resources. However, the draft study plan identifies important areas that merit further research, including potential impacts on air, ecosystems, occupational risks and other topics.

Click here to view all questions and answers regarding the current EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study.